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Why Is Tannin Wine Better For You? Learn These Must Know Wine Facts

BP World Research | Feb 16 2019
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What does wine mean to the world? It is not just a drink. It’s much more than that. Wine is a conversation catalyst, a winter drink to warm up, an inevitable part of a romantic dinner and also used as an ingredient in cuisines.  

In short, wine is a culture, a feeling and a way of life for many!

   1. Who drink world’s all wine?

According to some study, Europe’s biggest spender on wine is Switzarland. Swiss per capita spend on wine is close to 580 USD. But the biggest spender on wine  across the world is not the Swiss but it’s an Island close to Australia named Norfolk Island where the per capita spend on wine is 615 USD which is around 4,300 India Rupees. Each of the Islander drink close to 78 bottles per person which is the highest consumption worldwide. This is closely followed by Vatican City with 76 bottles per person. Greece, the country that has a great wine heritage stands at a per capita consumption of 36 bottles

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And which country drinks the least?  The crown goes to Pakistan followed by Iran, Bangladesh and Yaman. 

The wine facts are fascinating topic to discuss for wine drinkers  and also for non-wine drinkers alike.  We shall check a few of them here

   2. What are the 5 Major Wine Types?

Wines can be classified in many ways. The following however are the generic classification of wines.

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Red Wine

Red wine has the reputation of being healthy. The major reason is that it is high on ‘tannin’. Tannin is a natural compound that is a great anti-oxidant and healer. Red grapes are high on tannin and red grape is the major ingredient to make red wine. When grapes are fermented to make red wine, the skin and seeds are also added along with grape pip. Also the red wine fermentation is done at a higher temperature to extract the flavors and tannin completely.  

White Wine

Unlike popular belief, the basic ingredient goes into making white wine need not be white grapes. It can be red grapes as well.  As per experts, the way white wine to be made is from red grapes. The red pigments are to be removed effectively during the process for the white wine to get its expected colour. While fermenting grapes to make white wine, the grape skin that is the major pigment contributor to wine is not added.

Rose Wine

Made from red or black grapes, rose wine gets it colour as the fermentation time is not as elaborate as in the case of red and white wines. While white and red wine fermentation can take days to weeks, months to years, rose wine can be made by fermenting grapes just for a few hours.

To have rose wine made quickly, one can try the easiest method of mixing red and white wines. This would mean rose wine is ready in a jiffy!

Sparkling Wine

Sparkling wine has bubbles in it that is nothing but carbon dioxide. These are either induced during the fermentation process or occur naturally. There are many sparkling wines and it comes in a wide price range.

The value of sparkling wine is determined by the place where it comes from, the pain & efforts that goes into the making process as well as how much quantity or bottles were made in that process. The exotic champagne is a sparkling wine that comes from a place named Champagne in France.

Dessert Wine

They are sweet wine served as dessert after a meal. There are many ways to make dessert wines. One such way is to ferment very ripe grapes that would have higher sugar content. Another method is to use ‘ice grapes’ to make the wine. Ice grapes are grapes in the wineyard that are frozen owing to winter. When these frozen grapes are squeezed what comes out would be the extract that is high on sugar and acid.

   3. What is Wine Tasting?

Wine tasting is a careful exercise done to distinguish and grade wines. The process helps to know which wine is better than the other. Wine tasting is as old as wine making and it involves primarily five steps: Looking, smelling, swirling tasting and concluding the quality of wine. 

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All things about wine are always seen exotic and wine drinking is an art and science for the connoisseurs of wine. So how does the ‘art’ of wine tasting works with the ‘science of it’? This is how experts explain it: 

Wine tasting is not just about pouring wine into a glass and just drinking. It’s a detailed and step by step process beginning by poring wine into a glass that is appropriate for the wine- for example, red wines are poured in to glasses that have wider mouths and white wines into glasses that are not very wide at the mouth.

The wine taster shall not drink it at once after pouring, if it’s red wine. The wine has to be allowed to mix with he air (hence the wide mouth glass for red wine) to have all its flavors to be emerging.

The wine taster then hold the glass (only by the stem to ensure that the temperature of the hand is not interfering with the temperature of the wine in the glass) and brings the same closer to the nose and do a good inhalation of the flavors. A small sip is taken then and a thorough ‘chewing’ of wine is done to identify different notes. The glass is then swirled a few times in ‘anti-clockwise’ direction and kept on the table to rest. This is to allow further oxidation.  Then again the smelling, sipping and chewing to discover more notes and flavors.

   4. At What Temperature is Wine Served?

Ever wondered what would be the best temperature to serve wine? White wines are served chill that means the temperature could be around 10 degree Celsius. As per general rule of thump, red wine can be served in room temperature- provided the room temperature is around 15to18 degree Celsius. This just means that in most countries we need to refrigerate red wine for 10 to 15 minutes to attain this temperature.

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Serving wine again is different from serving other drinks. The first step after choosing the wine it is to open it. Most wines are sealed with corks and there are different openers in the market to remove the cork. After opening the bottle, the wine is kept opened allowing it to ‘breath’. Some red wines are decanted to a pitcher for better ‘breathing’ or oxidation. However, this is not quiet required all the time.

   5. How to pair the Glasses and Wines?

Choosing the right glass is another important element of wine serving. If you are a wine connoisseur, you might spend a lot of time identifying and collecting different glasses for red wine alone!

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In general, it’s fine to say that red wine glasses have larger mouth. This is to allow oxidation. Most white wine need not require a lot of oxidation hence their mouths are less wider.

Sparkling wines, especially Champagnes are served in long tube like glass called ‘flutes’. This is primarily to make it aesthetically appealing and desirable. However, a Japanese study done in 2015 says that though it would make the champagne attractive it might not be a good idea to serve the same in a ‘flute’. The reason being, wider mouthed wine glasses create a ‘ring aroma effect’ on the rim of the glass that would not happen in the case of flutes which has a very narrow mouth! 

   6. How much wine should be poured into a glass?

Pouring the right quantity wine is another factor in the process of ‘wine art’. Assume that you have picked normally recommended glasses for the red, white and sparkling wines. You would not be poring the same quantity into all the glasses.  Normally around 1/3rd of the glass is poured when it comes to red wines. This would allow ample space for swirling that is a constant process of red wine drinking. When it comes to white wines, half the glass is normally filled and for sparkling wine it is 3/4th of the glass.

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   7. What’s Food Wine Pairing?

Because of the historical significance of wine, wine is as important on the dining table as a staple food. This is true for many cultures.  For many geographical regions the food and wine grew up together. This would mean, the cultures over a period of time evolved linking and pairing food that go with wines.

 

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There are however, some globally established guidelines to follow when pairing food with wine. For example when the wine is high on alcohol or is pretty acidic, food that is fatty shall go well with it. If it’s just acidic, then sweet food also shall go with it. Tannic wine pairs well with sweet food too. When the wine is acidic, then salt food doesn’t go very well with it. So it’s better to keep the food subtle on salt. However, with sparkling wine and champagne, salty food pairs well.

Expert advice is that one should be careful when pairing Indian and Asian curries with wine. Highly alcoholic and tannin wines would not go with sharp, hot Indian and Thai curries.

   8. Are there Cocktails made with wine?

There are a few popular cocktails that are made with wine such as Bishop cocktail, Kir, Goldmine, Rose Berry Bliss and Sangria. Most famous of them all is Sangria that has Spanish origin. Sangria is a summer cocktail and is easy to make.

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A quick recipe for anyone to try the traditional red Sangria.

Ingredients

Cut fruits : 2 Apples, 2 oranges

Squeezed Orange Juice- ½ Cup

Sugar (Brown Sugar)

Alcohol (Brandy/Rum)- ½ Cup

Red wine (Spanish Roija red wine is recommended) -1 Bottle ( 750 ml)

Ice Cubes & Sparkling water

Process

The process is very simple. Put all cut fruits in a jar and add brandy, orange juice, sweetener and wine. Stir to mix them well. Refrigerate overnight. When it’s ready to serve, add ice cubes a little sparkling water. Stir again gently and the drink is ready to serve.

   9. What are some of the crazy facts around wine?

  • Some studies say that moderate drinking of red wine reduces the cholesterol and Type 2 diabetes in both women and men.
  • Greece has a god for wine and he is ‘Dionysus’
  • Some wines are not vegan. There are substances like gelatin used during the wine making process.
  • There is a condition called fear of wine- Oenophobia
  • The oldest wine bottle dates back to 325 A.D
  • Not all wines would go better with age and become exotic ‘vintage wine’. Only 10% does and the rest 90% to be consumes in an years time or so.
  • ‘Critter Wines’ are wines that has the picture of animals on the label.