Science & Technology

How India's Moon Mission Is Different From The Rest?

BP World Bureau | Sep 07 2019 01:17:55 PM

1.3 billion people in India were waiting in anticipation for the space mission Chandrayaan 2 to finally make history by reaching the spot of the moon where no one has landed before.

The Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) has successfully launched the Chandrayaan 2 and the first images reached the earth after entering the orbit.

Read: "We Were Close, Best Is Yet To Come": PM Modi About Chandrayaan-2

Unfortunately, ISRO's plan to soft-land Chandrayaan 2's lander Vikram on the South lunar surface was not successful as the agency lost communication over a kilometre away from the surface. The situation went perfectly until then. Had the mission been successful, India would have become the fourth country after Russia, USA and China to have a lander on the moon's surface.

The heartwarming video of PM Modi hugging ISRO scientist Dr K Sivan ensured that the Prime Minister will give his full support.


ISRO, on their page, has described Chandrayaan-2 a mission unlike any before because the mission is to explore the portion that was never explored before, the south pole of the lunar surface. Exploring the topographical surface, the mission will shed light on the origin and evolution of the moon.

India's previous mission to the moon Chandrayaan-1 has discovered water molecules and a new type of rock composition.

On July 22nd, Geosynchronous Satellite Launch Vehicle, GSLV MkIII-M1 launched the Chandrayaan 2 successfully.

The payload of the spacecraft includes instruments to check the topography, seismography, mineral identification and distribution. The thermophysical characteristics of the topsoil of the moon will be checked. The lunar atmosphere will be studied to have a new understanding of the origin and evolution of the Moon.

Read: Women Behind India’s Ambitious Mission Chandrayaan 2

For the first time in India, the interplanetary mission is led by two women Muthayya Vanitha, the project director and Ritu Karidhal, mission director.

Another peculiarity was that the spacecraft was built and launched for USD 150 million which is much cheaper than American NASA and ESA missions.

The spacecraft was to have served as a prototype for future missions to the planet Mars and also to send Indian astronauts into space.

Although China successfully landed on the moon surface, Israel's space mission crashed on the moon's surface.

A decade ago, India launched the space mission Chandrayaan 1 which was a major boost for the Indian space technology and research as the nation developed its own technology in order to explore the Moon. Moon Impact probe struck the south pole in a controlled manner thus making India the fourth country to place its flag insignia on the Moon, at a point known as Jawahar point'. Chandrayaan 1 achieved 95% of its planned objectives until it was shut down in 2009. NASA relocated it in 2016.

Third mission Chandrayaan 3 is scheduled for the year 2024 and will be done in collaboration with Japan's space agency JAXA.