NASA’s Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy (Sofia) confirmed the presence of water on the sunlit side of the Moon on Monday. The water is in one of the largest craters visible from Earth - Clavius Crater.
The presence of water is not restricted to the cold, shadowed places on the lunar surface.
This is key information for the US mission Artemis which is planning to send humans to the moon once again by 2024. No human has set foot on the moon since 1972.
The current race for lunar exploration was initiated by India with Chandrayaan-1. The impactor probe found the discovery of water ice or a chemical relative called hydroxyl (OH). The probe had a spectrometer onboard which detected the presence of molecules with oxygen and hydrogen bonding in the atmosphere.