New Delhi: According to the recent National Family Health Survey, 80 per cent of Indians wanted at least one male child in their lifetime. It has been a traditional belief of all Indian families that the male child will lead the family and the daughters leave home after their marriage. These kinds of beliefs are rooted in Indian society and therefore it is impossible to quickly erase the preference for sons over daughters called ‘son preference’ from our country. However, the sex ratio in the country has improved from 2019 to 2021.
In the 2015-16 NFHS report, 18.5 per cent of women and 19 per cent of men responded that they prefer sons to daughters. The recent NFHS survey shows that over 16 per cent of men and 14 per cent of women said that they wanted more sons than daughters. 65 per cent of married women in the age group of 15 to 49 responded that they don’t want more than two daughters. Experts said that the growing female literacy due to urbanisation is linked to low fertility. Because of this, access to contraception has increased and the fertility rate falls to two.